4 edition of Opportunities for biological control of agricultural pests in developing countries found in the catalog.
Opportunities for biological control of agricultural pests in developing countries
D. J. Greathead
Bibliography: p. 40.
|Statement||D.J. Greathead and J.K. Waage.|
|Series||World Bank technical paper ;, no. 11|
|Contributions||Waage, J. K., 1953-|
|LC Classifications||SB975 .G74 1983|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||v, 44 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||44|
|LC Control Number||83003601|
• The attainment of biological control of one major pest on a crop necessitates the elaboration of a system of integrated control for other pests of the crop, if any exist; • The research necessary in seeking a biological control solution to a problem is often demanding in terms of scientific and technical staff, funds, and time, and aFile Size: KB. The BIOCAT database of introductions of insect biological control agents for the control of insect pests was updated to the end of to include introductions, using different insect biological control agents against pest species in countries. Of the introductions, ( %) led to establishment, and ( %) resulted in satisfactory control being reported against Cited by:
The mission of the Biological Control of Pests Research Unit (BCPRU) is to conduct basic and applied research on the production and use of biological control agents of agricultural and urban pests, in partnership with industry whenever feasible. Emphasis is placed on development of in vivo and in vitro mass rearing methods and technology. 2 INSECT-PEST MANAGEMENT AND CONTROL new philosophy of pest control are discussed. Attention is addressed to the economic rationale concerned with controlling pest infestations. While insect- pest control is the main topic, applications and practices of the control of other pest organisms customarily dealt with by entomologists are also discussed.
effective systemic neonicotinoid for control of CPB, decreased interest in its biological control in North America and elsewhere. This occurred despite pes-ticide resistance remaining an ever-present risk with this insect (see Chapter 2), and the repeated lesson that resistance risk is mitigated by a . Biological Control of the Mexican Bean Beetle using the Parasitic Wasp Report Pediobius attacking Mexican Bean Beetle larvae ; Scale Scale insects suck the sap from stems and leaves. Euonymus scale and alatus scale feed on ornamental euonymus bushes, causing them to drop their leaves. This is a particularly serious problem in landscapes.
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: Opportunities for Biological Control of Agricultural Pests in Developing Countries (World Bank technical paper) (): Greathead, D. J., Waage Cited by: biological control as often an inexpensive and safe component of integrated pest management (IPM).1/ IPM involves the suppression of pests, or avoidance of pest attack, by employing all appropriate pest control methods, including agrorromic procedures and manipulation of the crop environment.
InFile Size: 2MB. Doc Name Opportunities for biological control of agricultural pests in developing countries Keywords natural enemy;Crop;control of crop pest;early stage of development;biological control of weed;biological control of insect;insect pest;chemical control;pest population Cited by: WTP Opportunities for Biological Control of Agricultural Pests in Developing Countries Article PDF Available.
Across the spectrum of agricultural pests, biological control. Additional Physical Format: Online version: Greathead, D.J. (David John), Opportunities for biological control of agricultural pests in developing countries.
Biological control of plant pests shows promise but requires ecological study of the relationships among crop, pest and natural enemy. Implementation of sustainable pest management will need training and education of farmers, extension workers and policy makers to deliver new information in the developing : Shimai Zeng.
Microbial Control of Insect and Mite Pests: From Theory to Practice is an important source of information on microbial control agents and their implementation in a variety of crops and their use against medical and veterinary vector insects, in urban homes and other structures, in turf and lawns, and in rangeland and forests.
Paul E. Rosenfeld, Lydia G.H. Feng, in Risks of Hazardous Wastes, Endosulfan. Endosulfan is an organochlorine insecticide and acaricide that is commonly used in the US for agricultural pest control (ATSDR, ).It is one of the most commonly used pesticides in the California Central Valley, one of the most cultivated areas in the United States (Bradford et al., ).
The biological control of plant diseases differs from insect biocontrol in Pest Control Strategies Based on Biological Contr ol Agents.
with special reference to developing countries. F AO. Thus, the initial exploitation of biological control agents for nematodes may be in developing countries (Hussey, ). However, if agents are only effective against specific nematode pests, and their efficacy is dependent on pest densities, then their effective use will require expert advice that may not be available in many developing countries.
Developing more effective ways to manage agricultural pests using their natural enemies, ‘biological control,’ is critical for three interacting reasons. First, insect pests continue to cause severe damage to crops globally, estimated to be at least $ billion per annum (Culliney, ).Cited by: Agricultural pests like weeds, insects, pests, and plant pathogen are managed by using pesticide-insecticide.
To control the pests, the cost of machinery, fuel, and labor is reduced [2, 3, 4]. The advantages of pesticides are production cost is lower, yield is high, and farmer’s revenues become : Talha Nazir, Sehroon Khan, Dewen Qiu.
In these countries, we partner with public and private sector, as well as donors and other development partners in support of government national agriculture strategies: In Ethiopia, the Agricultural Development team has been investing in Ethiopia since Inwe partnered with the government to establish the Agricultural Transformation.
However, the main reason for the limited success of biological control in the field in northern Europe is not the weather, but the major changes that occurred in agricultural production systems after with the introduction of pesticide-dominated methods of pest control, and the loss of resistance to pests and diseases through plant breeding Cited by: There are three basic strategies for biological pest control: classical (importation), where a natural enemy of a pest is introduced in the hope of achieving control; inductive (augmentation), in which a large population of natural enemies are administered for quick pest control; and inoculative (conservation), in which measures are taken to maintain natural enemies through regular.
Plant pathogens, insect pests and weeds in a changing global climate: a review of approaches, challenges, research gaps, key studies and concepts. The Journal of Agricultural Science, Vol.Issue. 2, p. Cited by: George W. Norton is professor of agricultural and applied economics at Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, where he focuses on research evaluation, integrated pest management, and economic development.
He has served as Technical Chair of the IPM CRSP for the past 10 years, and been involved in long-term IPM research in the United States, Asia and Latin America.
resilience, habitat provision for wild species, biological pest control and pollination. Good governance, enabling frameworks, and stewardship incentives are needed to facilitate mainstreaming of biodiversity. As part of its commitment to agricultural biodiversity and the interaction between biodiversity and agriculture, FAO contributesFile Size: 2MB.
Sustainable Management of Arthropod Pests of Tomato provides insight into the proper and appropriate application of pesticides and the integration of alternative pest management methods.
The basis of good crop management decisions is a better understanding of the crop ecosystem, including the pests, their natural enemies, and the crop itself. Origins of agriculture - Origins of agriculture - Pest and disease control in crops: Wherever agriculture has been practiced, pests have attacked, destroying part or even all of the crop.
In modern usage, the term pest includes animals (mostly insects), fungi, plants, bacteria, and viruses. Human efforts to control pests have a long history. Classical and augmentative biological control of insect pests and weeds has enjoyed a long history of successes. However, biocontrol practices have not been as universally accepted or optimally utilised as they could be.
An International Organisation for Biological Control (IOBC) initiative brought together practitioners and researchers from widely diverse fields to identify the main Cited by: Food insecurity is a major world problem, with ca.
million people in the world being chronically undernourished. Most of these people live in tropical, developing regions and rely on smallholder farming for food security. Solving the problem of food insecurity is thought to depend, in part, on managing ecosystem services, such as the pollination of crops and the biological control of crop Cited by: Good organic pest control and management entails weed control, weed prevention, organic insect control and plant disease control, all of which rely on approaches and techniques such as integrated pest management, biological control, ecological strategies, physical control and shade cloths.